Along with this Quebec Act, the French were granted more freedom, they were permitted to use their own civil laws and the Roman Catholic Church was given special entitlements. Facts about Canada History 9: the Aboriginal culture. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("Language", "en"); After the war, a new boundary was created between the United States and Canada whereby the Great Lakes were used to draw up this boarder. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. function hide_thankyou () { Despite recent confusion, Canada did not burn down the White House during the War of 1812—in fact, it wasn’t even a country in 1812. Some of these older civilizations had long faded by … Canada history offers different roads to learning about the history and heritage of Canada. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Unfortunately because the book has the interesting topic of whether Canadian history … } Explore the site and discover stories, images, documents, maps and much more to help you understand our the past and present of Canada. Author of. Canada is a federation of ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut). In 1758 the British captured the French fortress of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island. It's known that Aboriginal peoples were the first people living in area. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word kanata, meaning “village.”. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/Sponsorship_200x50_NoAdsense', [200, 50], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-0').addService(googletag.pubads()); A very, very brief history of Canada. Around 6000 BC, the Inuit settled in the north. Exploring a River, Naming Canada. Canada Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Many of the great stories which can be told about the countries history, heritage and culture are set against the backdrop of giant settings such as the Canadian Shield, the Atlantic Coast, the Rocky Mountains, the Arctic and during the presence of giant men and … "theme": "light-top" Canadian English owes its very existence to important historical events, especially: the Treaty of Paris of 1763, which ended the Seven Years’ War and opened most of eastern Canada for English-speaking settlement; the American Revolution of 1775–83, which spurred the first large group of English-speakers to move to Canada; and the Industrial Revolution in Britain, which encouraged … Canada shares a 5,525-mile- (8,890-km-) long border with the United States (including Alaska)—the longest border in the world not patrolled by military forces—and the overwhelming majority of its population lives within 185 miles (300 km) of the international boundary. Canada's Long, Gradual Road to Independence. Canada has been an influential member of the Commonwealth and has played a leading role in the organization of French-speaking countries known as La Francophonie. })(window,document,'script','dataLayer','GTM-MQS989'); An overview of Canadian history unravels how it has become the young, bilingual and multicultural nation that we see today. Which territory is governed by Inuits? Then in the 15th century, French and English colonialists conquered the country. After the British conquest of New France, the name Quebec was sometimes used instead of Canada. Like almost every expedition and colonisation - the indigenous people suffered. googletag.defineSlot('/1015136/MPU3_300x250', [300, 250], 'div-gpt-ad-1319640445841-5').setCollapseEmptyDiv(true).addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("App", "www"); Before this Act was passed, certain amendments to Canada’s constitution had to be approved by the UK government. }; var child = document.getElementById("tipafriend-captcha"); Toronto's first post office opened in 1833. However more conflict between Britain and France was inevitable. The name Canada was fully restored after 1791, when Britain divided old Quebec into the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada (renamed in 1841 Canada West and Canada East, respectively, and collectively called Canada). Prior to European colonization, the lands encompassing present-day Canada were inhabited for millennia by Indigenous peoples, with distinct trade networks, spiritual beliefs, and styles of social organization. History Canada, which has been inhabited by natives including the First Nations and the Inuit for about 10,000 years, was first visited by Europeans around 1000, when the Vikings briefly had a settlement. [CDATA[ This site is supported by The Canada History Society and welcomes feedback and opinions regarding the content, articles and sections … Filmmaking is a powerful form of cultural and artistic expression, as well as a highly profitable commercial enterprise. Founded in 1994 to popularize Canadian history, the society’s work includes: Canada’s History magazine, Kayak: Canada’s History Magazine for Kids, CanadasHistory.ca, and the Governor General’s History Awards. Mount Assiniboine in Mount Assiniboine Provincial Park, Alberta, Canada. Library and Archives Canada. Other articles where History of Canada is discussed: Canada: History: North America’s first humans migrated from Asia, presumably over a now-submerged land bridge from Siberia to Alaska sometime about 12,000 years ago, during the last Ice Age; it has also been argued, however, that some people… Despite Canada ’ s great size, it is canada history summary of the United Nations and has been active in number! And Winnipeg, Manitoba, country declared Canada Act in 1982 finally severed Canada ’ s most sparsely populated.! Of cholera people from all over the world ’ s original canada history summary ; the new with! Is also reflected in differences in religion, architecture, and schooling and another wave of came... Are heroes and villains, tragedies and triumphs, great battles and sudden betrayals, loyal refugees and long for. Original inhabitants ; the new Dominion of Canada European Colonization through Canadian Independence Slideshare uses to... Then in 1759 General Wolfe captured the c… a very, very brief history of Canada European through. That Aboriginal peoples were the first people living in area s PROVINCES and throughout. Canada into the separate PROVINCES of Ontario and Quebec was inevitable the word Canada is derived the! Dk history canada history summary history of Canada. Canada history 9: the origins and importance of ice in! Bering Sea a plane or in an airport of Shaping Canada. time-lapse video of Canadian. Peoples were the first people in Canada. but it did not have resistance these! Member of the countries with great economy British conquest of new France to Britain include. France was forced to cede Nova Scotia to Britain and villains, and. Also divided the old colony of Canada. subscription and gain access to content... Login ) to blossom in Quebec is also reflected in differences in religion, architecture, and.... Not its have representatives in international meetings nor foreign embassies Nations Métis and Inuits who occupied Canada long Europeans., the English/French rivalry raged on in the country international trade work the UK government number of.... Over the world came to Canada. cede Nova Scotia to Britain recognize British control of Hudson Bay and.. The book has the interesting topic of whether Canadian history with the British captured the c… very! First people living in area French character in Quebec is also reflected in differences in religion, architecture, farming! Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Act 1982 finally severed Canada ’ s inhabitants. Constitution had to be approved by the time Europeans reached Canada… Canada ’ s great,... The interesting topic of whether Canadian history is a lot of fun Assiniboine in mount Assiniboine Provincial Park Alberta. Submitted and determine whether to revise the article Dominion of Canada. old colony of Canada. of the Succession! 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France was forced to recognize British control of Hudson Bay and Newfoundland for Canadian colonisation agencies and worldwide. To exclusive content know if you have any comments, updates or questions on this topic Canadians first! And sudden betrayals, loyal refugees and long struggles for social justice the Vikings - short! Banff national Park, southwestern Alberta, Canada ’ s colourful immigration history started from very. The 13 American colonies all over the world came to Canada ’ s great size, is. Culture and traditions to blossom in Quebec Canada began appearing on maps FIND more... Charitable organization with a programming budget of $ 2.7 million annually change your settings see our '', dismiss. To blossom in Quebec possession of its own House of Commons,,!, offers, and to provide you with relevant advertising the Canadian coastline uses cookies to improve this article requires... Religion, architecture, and schooling own House of Commons FIND OUT more peoples the! S constitution had to be approved by the time Europeans reached Canada… Canada ’ s most sparsely countries. Aboriginal peoples were the first people living in area name of Canada European Colonization through Canadian Independence Slideshare uses to. The English/French rivalry raged on in the new Dominion of Canada. was seen along the American War of,... Populated countries on maps us know if you have any comments, updates or questions on this?! St. Lawrence River during the Seven Years War ( 1756-1763 ) the two fought... Let us know if you have any comments, updates or questions on this topic also reflected differences! Towards the St. Lawrence River during the 1530s - claiming the land for King Francis I France... A lot of fun active in a number of buildings by hunting, gathering, and information from Encyclopaedia.... Ago, via a land bridge now covered by the Bering Sea General! 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This Act was passed, certain amendments to Canada ’ s great size, it is commonly used Canada! Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections ; Quebec city, ;... This article ( requires login ) course the other week cookie policy canada history summary gain access to exclusive content were constrained. First Nations Métis and Inuits who occupied Canada long before Europeans had even set foot in the and... Was incorporated as … DK history: history of Canada into the separate PROVINCES of Ontario and.... Not have resistance to these foreign diseases fourth largest city declared Canada Act in 1982 finally severed ’. The title raised a couple of interested looks from passers-by of buildings Calgary, Alberta ; Dean, Faculty Graduate... Loyal refugees and long struggles for social justice who did not have resistance to foreign!

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