Diplomatic relations were established, which led to trade missions and missionary expeditions as well. Many Greek scholars, historians were invited to the Mauryan court. Greek sources report that he engaged in a conflict in 305 bce in the trans-Indus region with Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander’s generals, who, following the death… It started when Seleucus I Nicator, of the Seleucid Empire, sought to retake the Indian satrapies of the Macedonian Empire which had been occupied by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, of the Maurya Empire. Chandragupta battled Seleucus, Alexander’s successor, near the Indus River, emerging victorious. After the death of Alexander, Seleucus, who was commander in Alexander's army attacked India but he was defeated by the king Chandragupta Maurya So Seleucus and Chandragupta Maurya signed a treaty as well and Seleucus appointed an ambassador who was no one but the Megasthenes. 304 BCE Seleucos I refounds and renames the ancient city thereafter known as Edessa . When Chandragupta Maurya expressed his desire to marry Helena to Chanakya, he said it would only be possible if he wars Selecus Nicator – Helena’s father and put pressure on him. Later Chandragupta Maurya Married Helena who was Seleucus’ daughter and then entered into an alliance with Seleucus. Chandragupta came into conflict with Seleucus I Nicator, Alexander’s heir in the east, the idea being the reduction of the Greek power and gaining in own territory and strength. Seleucus, like the other four principal Macedonian chiefs, assumed the title and style of basileus (king). Another Greek ambassador to the Mauryan court at Pataliputra was Dimakos. Later Chandragupta Maurya Married Helena who was Seleucus’ daughter and then entered into an alliance with Seleucus. At the Battle of Ipsus, Seleucus lead an alliance with Lysimichus and Cassander against Antigonus. Aftermath of the battle: Winner and Loser, The overall place and significance of the battle in the Indian History. It is mentioned that he conquered the land between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal (the land between the two seas). Chandragupta seized a large area in eastern Persia. Since Seleucus was busy on the western borders, Chandragupta took this opportunity to attack and assassinate two Macedonian satrapies, Nicanor of Parthia and Philip, son of Machatas. Thanks to this massive expansion, Chandragupta Maurya’s empire was said to be the most extensive in the whole of Asia, second only to the empire of Alexander in this region. The treaty ended the Seleucid–Mauryan war and allowed Chandragupta control of the regions it was warring for. Seleucus is a pretty solid commander with and initiative of 6, the rest are 3s, 4s and 5s. [10] Chandragupta Maurya went on to expand his rule in India southward into the Deccan.[7]. The Mauryans had annexed the areas governed by four such satraps: Nicanor, Phillip, Eudemus and Peithon. When Chandragupta Maurya expressed his desire to marry Helena to Chanakya, he said it would only be possible if he wars Selecus Nicator – Helena’s father and put pressure on him.At the start, Chandragupta acquired northern parts which were under the Nanda rule, and then he declared war against Nicator in … According to Grainger, the details of the conflict are unclear, but the outcome clearly must have been "a decisive Indian victory," with Chandragupta driving back Seleucus' forces as far as the Hindu Kush and consequently gaining large territories in modern-day Afghanistan. The war ended in 301 BCE by the signing of a treaty. Some of these exploits were performed before the death of Antigonus and some afterward. After Alexander's death, Seleucus became the king of Babylon. Seleucus entered India and occupied the territory reaching up to the Indus … Seleucus and Chandragupta also agreed to a marriage alliance, probably the marriage of Seleucus' daughter to Chandragupta. 500 elephants were given to the Greeks. Taking a sword and cut open Durdhara’s womb to save the child. The arrangement proved to be mutually beneficial. The Mauryans on the other had have a much more complex command structure. Chandragupta also received vast territories on the west of the Indus, like the Hindu Kush, and the Balochistan province of Pakistan. Then the child was named after Bindusara and he continued Chandragupta Maurya Family Tree. The bulk of the fighting force was the allied army comprised of Seleucid forces, including 480 of the war elephants gifted by Chandragupta. Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri [4] Military historian John D. Grainger has argued that Seleucus, upon crossing the Indus, "would find himself in a trap, with a large river at his back and a hostile continent before him," and consequently could not have advanced much farther than the Indus. The fact that a young Maurya could even stand toe-to-toe with someone of Seleucus’ status was an achievement in itself. One special mention was the historian Megasthenes, who wrote a famous book entitled “Indica”, giving a detailed account of his stay at the Mauryan court and of Chandragupta Maurya. In the struggles following the death of Alexander the Great, he rose from governor of Babylon to king of an empire centring on Syria and Iran. Chandragupta Maurya was the great Emperor, who built the largest Empire ever on the Indian subcontinent. Similarly satraps were appointed to govern the Indus Valley. Chandragupta's achievements, which ranged from conquering Macedonian satrapies in the northwest and conquering the Nanda Empire by the time he was only about 20 years old, to achieving an alliance with Seleucus I Nicator and establishing centralized rule throughout South Asia, remain some of the most celebrated in the history of India. Chandragupta Maurya won the battle against Seleucid Empire. The fate of Anatolia and Syria lay in the balance. Chandragupta subsequently married Seleucus's daughter to formalize an alliance and established a policy of friendship with the Hellenistic kingdoms, which stimulated India's trade and contact with the western world. Seleucus surrendered his territories Herat, Kandhar, and the Kabul valley in Afghanistan to Chandragupta Maurya. [6] According to Wheatley and Heckel, the level of friendly Maurya-Seleucid relations established after the war imply that the hostilities were probably "neither prolonged nor grievous".[3]. Mamulanar, the famous Tamil poet of the Sangam literature, also describes how the Deccan Plateau was invaded by the Maurya army. Chandragupta overthrew the Nanda power in Magadha and then campaigned in central and northern India. In Ptolemy I’s time, it had an estimated annual revenue of about fifteen thousand talents of silver (about nine billion dollars) and eight million artabas of wheat (perhaps 320 million liters, or 72,500,000 U.S. gallons). Later he returned back. Sign a marital treaty, also referred to as “Epigamia” in Greek terminology, in which, Chandragupta Maurya, advised by Chanakya, married the daughter of Seleucus, Helen, as an alliance between the two empires. As their alliance happened after a war treaty, so mostly it is written that ‘the marriage’ was a political alliance between the two states, but … always lying in wait for the neighboring nations, strong in arms and persuasive in council, he acquired Mesopotamia, Armenia, 'Seleucid' Cappadocia, Persis, Parthia, Bactria, Arabia, Tapouria, Sogdia, Arachosia, Hyrcania, and other adjacent peoples that had been subdued by Alexander, as far as the river Indus, so that the boundaries of his empire were the most extensive in Asia after that of Alexander. The struggle among the Diadochi reached its climax when Antigonus, after the extinction of the old royal line of Macedonia, proclaimed himself king in 306 BC. After the war, the Mauryan Empire emerged as the dominant power of the Indian Subcontinent, and the Seleucid Empire turned its attention toward defeating its rivals in the west. 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