Staff capacity, training, and development. (2006). 12(12). Flock Status – May 2011. The property finds itself in a privileged position due to its large size, still comparatively remote location and the absence of direct pressures along most of its boundaries. Large-scale biomonitoring of remote and threatened ecosystems via high-throughput sequencing. Oil Sands Monitoring Program Technical Report Series No. The main concerns are related to the observable change in the Peace-Athabasca Delta, which also leads to vegetation changes. ISBN 0-921719-83-3. First Nations and Métis plausibly associate the changed water regime with increasingly difficult access to the delta and a severe decline of muskrat populations, which are of vital ecological and livelihood importance. Culp et al, 2018; McMaster et al, 2018 ; Herbert, 2019) provide greater understanding of the current status of many of the sites' World Heritage values, a comprehensive assessment of cumulative impacts is not yet available. Factual Record regarding Submission SEM-17-001. Assimilation policies and other factors, including access restrictions on harvest through regulation in the national park, have induced important changes to traditional ways of life. (2006) Death by 1000 Cuts: Impacts of in situ oil sands development on northern Alberta’s boreal forest. It is also clear that the overall recovery remains challenging due to "unsuitable habitat, road mortality, disease management associated with livestock and commercial bison operations, and disease outbreaks" (COSEWIC, 2013). An environmental assessment provided to UNESCO says oilsands activity, climate change and hydro development are fundamentally changing the environment of … Objectives: to provide annual measurement of wetlands in the delta; to determine areas covered by open water, emergent vegetation and dry land. At each basin, habitat measurements (snow depth, ice thickness, water depth, physical water quality parameters) are recorded and water quality samples are taken. Fort Smith N.T. Weather Today Weather Hourly 14 Day Forecast Yesterday/Past Weather Climate (Averages) Currently: 30 °F. 366, Issue 6461, pp. The huge size and high degree of natural protection due to the remote location make the schematic configuration largely ignoring ecological landscape features acceptable. Genetic analyses of wild bison in Alberta, Canada: implications for recovery and disease management. However, implementation of the Action Plan has been slow with some discussions paused. Fish quantity, quality and habitat are trending down (Parks Canada, 2019). Fish and Wildlife Service, Albuquerque, New Mexico. (2018) Synthesis report for the water component, Canada-Alberta joint oil sands monitoring: key findings and recommendations. (Migration mortality and vulnerability of winter range of Whooping Crane). Due to the remote location and costly access Wood Buffalo National Park receives a comparatively modest number of visitors. Culp et al, 2018; Glozier et al, 2018; McMaster et al., 2018), full assessment of water quality-related impacts is not yet available, biomonitoring in the PAD and WBNP for aquatic species, in particular using invertebrates, is still preliminary (IUCN Consultation, 2020) and a comprehensive synthesis is not yet available. Report to Parliament. Indigenous Knowledge indicates that populations of waterfowl that have typically stopped in the property during migration have shifted their migration routes to other areas. Atmospheric deposition to the Athabasca oil sands region using snowpack measurements and dated lake sediment cores. Given the significance of climate change-related effects on the OUV, the Wood Buffalo Action Plan recognizes the need for a collaboratively developed Integrated Research and Monitoring Program. How: Freshly-laid gull and tern eggs are collected and sent to a lab for chemical analysis of oil sands-related chemicals such as mercury, arsenic, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. PMID:22888030. 2018 Whitefish Camp – Final Report. Objective: to provide an estimate of the number of wood bison in the park. The 2019 Action Plan puts improving the Cooperative Management Committee with 11 indigenous partners as a first priority. Science of the Total Environment. © UNESCO. Nighthawk monitoring Outside of WBNP, installation of seismic lines and service roads, as well as motorized off-road transportation pose threats not only to wildlife movement, but lead to competition of the resources with Indigenous Peoples. Acid Lakes Survey Wood Buffalo is Canada’s largest national park. The 44,000-square-kilometre park is home to one of the largest free-roaming wood bison herds in the world. The suite of water quality parameters contained within the continuing Oil Sands Monitoring Program are relevant for assessing potential pulp and paper industrial impacts. Objective: to ensure the recovery of Wood Bison, a threatened species in Canada Therefore ongoing monitoring is required to determine trends in these values in relation to the multiple and interactive threats which cumulatively impact upon them. Other examples include important wood bison range and Whooping Crane summer range outside of the park boundaries. LiDAR digital terrain modeling Fall 2013 Report of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development. Click the + and - signs to expand or collapse full accounts of information under each topic. How: A suite of climatic, hydrometric, water chemistry and biological data will be collected and analyzed. Science. (Approval of additional dams on the Peace River and possibly other rivers). National marine conservation areas system, Directory of federal heritage designations, firstname.lastname@example.org. Wood Buffalo is Canada’s biggest national park and one of the largest in the world, according to Parks Canada. Contaminants in Colonial waterbird eggs monitoring The combination of climate change and upstream dam construction has been changing the processes, vegetation and navigability of the delta. 15. The proposed Teck Frontier oil sands mine project, which would have moved the development frontier north to some 30km from the southern boundary of the Park and the Peace-Athabasca Delta, was withdrawn from consideration in February, 2020. Snow survey Oil Sands Monitoring Program Technical Report Series No. The ancient indigenous history of what is today the national park and its surroundings is intricately linked with the landscape and has contributed to shaping it. Water isotope & metaI contaminant monitoring protocol development. Eclipses. 3 talking about this. The establishment of the national park in 1922 explicitly aimed at protecting northern Canada’s last remaining bison herd of some 250 animals only at the time (COSEWIC, 2013). Ottawa, ON. Many of the World Heritage values are stable due to the vast scale and remote location of the property. Fishing areas and conservation of fish stocks. Wood Buffalo National Park is at risk of losing its UNESCO Heritage Status. As of 2018, wood bison are classified as threatened under Canada’s Species at Risk Act (SARA) and the wood bison population in the site remains a cornerstone in the overall recovery efforts of the species (Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2016, COSEWIC, 2013, Parks Canada, 2009) and continues to represent the most genetically diverse population in Canada (Parks Canada, 2020). Recent monitoring efforts (e.g. The Alberta Oil Sands are a globally significant fossil fuel deposit, which has been massively extracted along the lower Athabasca River since the mid 1960s. Moon Phases. While now complemented with fossil fuels firewood continues to play a role, including culturally and for smoking fish and meat. The recovery of the iconic Whooping Crane, for all its fragility along the migration route and in the winter range, is one of the most spectacular species conservation stories worldwide. Ottawa, Canada. Environment Canada, Parks Canada, Aurora Research Institute, Ontario Genomics Institute, and other partners. Project Description Amisk Hydroelectric Project. Major hydropower development under British Columbia's “Two Rivers Policy” predates the World Heritage inscription. Parks Canada (2013). The natural resources of the productive delta have been and continue to be of major importance for traditional livelihoods of First Nations and Métis. It also includes the last remaining nesting ground of the endangered whooping crane and contains one of the world’s largest freshwater deltas. (1993). Field Ornithol. Budget cuts and switching to seasonal operations status has stretched the human resources and presence on the ground in key areas (Jaeger et al. Lake Water Quality & Level Monitoring (Pine Lake) WBNP includes some of the largest relatively undisturbed and least fragmented forest and wetland ecosystems in all of North America (World Heritage Committee, 2015). 48: 7374-7383. they can only be addressed by coordinated bi-national management and conservation efforts. (2013). Wetland Type and Surface Area monitoriing (remote sensing) The vast size and remoteness does not make the property immune to threats, however. Science of Total Environment 686:968-985. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.407. The overlapping Ramsar site named Whooping Crane Summer Range furthers demonstrates the global significance of the site for the conservation of the iconic species, North America’s tallest bird. Collection of medicinal resources for local use. Mortality in Aransas-Wood Buffalo Whooping Cranes: Timing, location and causes. 14(4): e0206192 doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206192, Hewitt, L.M., J.W. Firewood is traditionally the only source of energy. Wang, X, Evans, M.S., Smol, J.P. (2013). COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Whooping Crane Grus americana in Canada. Peace-Athabasca Delta Vegetation Monitoring Hebert, C.E. (Cattle and bison farming interests pressing for elimination of potential sources of bovine brucellosis and tuberculosis through attempting to depopulate the Wood Buffalo bison herd prior to attempting to repopulate the area with disease-free animals.). Traditional hunting, trapping, fishing and harvesting continue to be economically and culturally important activities. Timoney (2013) ranks climate change as the second greatest overall stressor on the PAD, above mining and river regulation. Boreal caribou populations (Rangifer tarandus, VU) has seen a decline across Canada, and WBNP is an area of important habitat. Second, most - if not all - threats stem from outside the national park, which means that the land manager's mandate and capacity to influence decisive factors is severely limited. Objectives: to assess contaminant levels in suspended sediments from the Athabasca River downstream of the Alberta oilsands; to compare results from two methodologies for collecting the suspended sediments (use of continuous flow centrifuges vs. passive collection) Summary of Current Scientific Findings and Assessments. Environment Canada / Parks Canada / Mikisew Cree Community-Based Monitoring Program. [online] Available at: <. This assessment conveys two seemingly contradictory messages. (Air pollution and liquid waste from the pulp and paper industry along the Peace and Athabasca Rivers). Fall tends to have cool, windy and dry days in which the first snowfall usually occurs in October. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Quirouette, Wilson & Zorn. Action Plan for Wood Buffalo National Park World Heritage Site. (2019). Kay, M. L., Wiklund, J. Assessing ecosystem health in benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages of the Athabasca River main stem, tributaries and Peace-Athabasca Delta. 46 p. Culp, J.C., Glozier, N.E., Baird, D.J., Baird, Wrona, F.J., Brua, R.B. Wolfe, B. and . Waterfowl population status, 2019. (ANNews) – Wood Buffalo National Park is at risk of losing its UNESCO Heritage Status. Crosley, R. W., Halliwell, D. (2009). Edmonton, AB. CEC (2020). Ecohydrology: Ecosystems, Land and Water Process Interactions, Ecohydrogeomorphology, 1(2), 131-148. Rosenberg, K.V., Dokter, A.M., Blancher, P.J., Sauer, J.R., Smith, A.C., Smith, P.A., Stanton, J.C., Panjabi, A., Helft, L., Parr, M., Marra, P.P. Water samples are collected to test for general water quality, and to test for the presence of contaminants. Biomonitoring 2.0 Peace River water level (ECCC Enviironment and Climate Change Canada) Schneider, R., and S. Dyer. Additionally, concerns include quantitative and functional changes of the hydrological system due to flow regulation (Peace River), water abstraction (Athabasca River), declining water quality, as well as cumulative effects from oil sands developments south of WBNP along the Athabasca River. The coastal marshes of the Gulf Coast of Texas in and near Aransas National Wildlife Refuge are the only winter range of the flock. State Party Report on the State of Conservation of Wood Buffalo National Park World Heritage Site (Canada). Report of the Panel on the Ecological Integrity of Canada’s National Parks. Waquan, A. The major economic and political importance of the oil sands puts further limits to conservation effectiveness. Glozier, N.E., Donald, D.B. Northern River Basins Study Final Report. 2019. Covering more territory than Switzerland, it sprawls across northeastern Alberta and juts into the southern part of the Northwest Territories. Joint Canada / Alberta Implementation Plan for Oil Sands Monitoring. This illustrates that the property is exceptionally vulnerable, the complex Peace-Athabasca Delta serving as a prime example. (2020). Ottawa, ON. The very survival and conservation success story of the species is intricately linked to the property. in prep) to historic Landsat imagery to backcast trends in invasive thistle marsh from 1984 to 2019. May 21, 2020. The predator-prey relationships between grey wolf and wood bison stand out as another particularly prominent example (World Heritage Committee, 1983; 2015). Muskrat abundance monitoring The complexity of potential cause-effect relationships between oil sands industrial activity and various ecological responses reinforces the need for fully comprehensive monitoring data, in addition to local and traditional ecological knowledge, in order to better understand the threat posed by oil sands development in the property. (2001). While the financing of Wood Buffalo National Park permits basic management and operations, it suffered budget reductions in 2012 and despite its scale and importance the property was even switched to seasonal operations status. Wood Buffalo National Park and its immediate surroundings are home to the largest and most genetically diverse herd of wood bison worldwide (Bison bison athabascae) (Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2016). They include upstream hydro development, oilsands development and … Whilst recent improvements have been achieved towards establishing baseline data and long term monitoring programmes (eg. Local residents rely on water from the national park. (2017). We visited Wood Buffalo National Park in mid-August. (2018). Wood Buffalo National Park. 83(1):1–10. Parks Canada, Environment Canada, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon, NWT, British Columbia, Manitoba. [online] Available at: Overview of the site's Conservation Outlook, The complete Conservation Outlook Assessment for this site, with more details on values, threats, protection and management, The source of information for the Conservation Outlook Assessment, Assessment of the effectiveness of protection and management in addressing threats outside the site, Assessment of the current state and trend of World Heritage values, Assessment of the current state and trend of other important biodiversity values, © COSEWIC (2013). Whooping Crane Monitoring Wetland, invertebrates and fish community results are preliminary (Bush et al., 2020; Culp et al., 2018; Gibson et al., 2015; MCFN, 2019). Vol. Site management has the overall capacity to manage the property within the limits of its jurisdiction and responsibility. As a result, the ability of Indigenous governments, people, and communities to practice their traditional way of life is being negatively impacted, and desired outcomes for the world heritage values are not being met (Parks Canada, 2019). McMaster, M., Parrott, J., Bartlett, A., Gagné, F., Evans, M., Tetreault, G., Keith, H. & J. Gee. Alberta (2005). The stations are designed to continuously monitor basic water quality parameters such as pH, conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, and temperature, as well as additional parameters that may be linked to industrial activities in the region. Yellowknife, NT. 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