Her immune system is exhibiting the _____ like of defense. Secondary prevention c. Tertiary prevention d. Assessment ANS: B Secondary prevention focuses on early detection and prompt treatment of disease, injury, or disability. Michelle felt an electric shock when she was ironing her clothes. This data may appear to be “old”, dating back five or … Accessed 6/2/2020. 12. ITP is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn't clot as it should. Primary prevention b. While public health concentrates on the well-being of the entire population, clinical medicine focuses on the health of a single individual. Apply a sterile bandage with pressure to stop the bleeding. percent of the Center s for Disease Contr ol and Prevention (CDC) documented cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries involved injuries with hollow -bore, blood -filled needles ( CDC, 1998 a). Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? Match the diseases with the body systems they relate to. A sharps injury is penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or body fluids. Poliomyelitis, commonly shortened to polio, is an infectious disease caused by the poliovirus. He or she will ask you about your other medical history. Start studying Pretest: Preventing Disease and Injury. Rabies post-exposure immunization is an example of which of the following levels of prevention with regard to infectious disease interventions? Traumatic brain injuries are usually emergencies and consequences can worsen rapidly without treatment. Preventing COVID-19 The best way to prevent these long-term complications is to prevent COVID-19. What is the purpose of the "care" step of first aid? If an autoimmune disease destroys the body's platelets, thrombocytopenia can occur. They accounted for 63% of the needlestick injuries from June 1995 July 1999 (NIOSH, 1999). Post Test: Preventing Disease and Injury. medical specialty that involves restoring function for a person who has been disabled as a result of a disease Jenny is running for more than an hour on a pleasant sunny morning. Injuries can occur at every stage of their use, disassembly, or disposal. This computerized test measures a student athlete’s visual and verbal memory, reaction time, and processing speed. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Which is the best action to take during an earthquake? Ninety percent of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) document-ed cases of health care workers who contracted HIV from needlestick injuries a) Falls are the leading cause of concussion, followed by bicycle and skateboard accidents, motor vehicle crashes, and sports. Fundamentals of TB Pre- and Post-Test and Answer Key This test is used to assess course effectiveness. B. Which is the best way this injury could have been prevented? Which is the best treatment for a severe bleeding injury? How is post-traumatic arthritis diagnosed? It is also responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States, according to the CDC. In about 0.5 percent of cases, it moves from the gut to affect the central nervous system and there is muscle weakness resulting in a flaccid paralysis. The doctors have diagnosed that the small airways in her lungs have narrowed. Autoimmune diseases occur if the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the body. Flashcards. Her body is sweating to maintain homeostasis, which is caused by the action of a/an _____. Evidence-based research provides the basis for sound clinical practice guidelines and recommendations. This is done by preventing exposures to hazards that cause disease or injury, altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours that can lead to disease or injury, and increasing resistance to disease or injury should exposure occur. CONCUSSION: DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, AND PREVENTION POST-TEST 1) Concussion, a subset of traumatic brain injury, is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that disrupts normal brain function. A. This defense is part of _____ immunity. Reportable diseases are diseases considered to be of great public health importance. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e. Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. In the United States, local, state, and national agencies (for example, county and state health departments or the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) require that these diseases be reported when they are diagnosed by doctors or laboratories. The risks and benefits of the test or procedure. Tuberculosis is caused by a: a. virus b. bacterium c. pox d. parasite e. fungus 2. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. A report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States lists the following percentages for injury rates from a study with data collected from 1995 to 2007:. What kind of wound occurs when the skin scrapes against a hard surface and tiny blood vessels break in the outer layer of the skin? Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) Drag the tiles to the boxes to form correct pairs. Christopher came down with chicken pox after spending time in his child's day care. In the emergency room, a doctor may be able to rule out a spinal cord injury by careful inspection and examination, testing for sensory function and movement, and by asking some questions about the accident.But if the injured person complains of neck pain, isn't fully awake, or has obvious signs of weakness or neurological injury, emergency diagnostic tests may be needed.These tests may include: 1. The immediate post-concussion assessment and cognitive test (ImPACT) is a concussion management tool used to help diagnose and evaluate student athletes. Post-concussion syndrome is a complex disorder in which various symptoms — such as headaches and dizziness — last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion.Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that usually happens after a blow to the head. Type the correct answer in the box. What is one way Alice might have prevented this injury? If inside, seek protection from windows and hanging objects. Primary prevention aims to prevent disease or injury before it ever occurs. What is an example of an intentional injury? Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. Before the sports season starts, each athlete takes a computerized test that measures brain functions, such as memory and reaction time. The department provides high quality, evidence-informed research, resources, scientific and technical advice, as well as other services important to public health. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) is in the final phases of developing practice guidelines for diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. X-rays. STUDY. While ice skating, Alice slipped and injured her knee. Questions will include history of an injury, how and when the joint bothers you, what makes the pain better, and what makes it worse. Please check to indicate whether this is a: _____ Pre-Test _____ Post-Test 1. 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